We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
David Martin was born in Belfast on the 1st February 1914. A centre-forward he played amateur football for the Royal Ulster Rifles, Cliftonville and Belfast Celtic.
Major Frank Buckley, the manager of Wolverhampton Wanderers, signed Martin in 1934. He joined a team that included Billy Wrigglesworth, Tom Galley, Billy Hartill, Stan Cullis, Bryn Jones, Tom Smalley, Dai Richards, Billy Barraclough, Reg Hollingsworth and Charlie Phillips.
In the 1934-35 season Wolves finished in 17th place in the First Division winning only 15 of their 42 games. Billy Hartill was again top scorer with 33 goals. At the end of the season Buckley upset the Wolves' fans by selling Hartill to Everton. A few months later he sold Charlie Phillips to Aston Villa for £9,000. It seemed that Buckley and the Wolves board were more concerned with making a profit than winning the First Division championship.
David Martin now replaced Billy Hartill as centre-forward in the team. He did well that season scoring 17 goals in 25 appearances. However, Wolves continued to struggle and in the 1935-36 season finishing in 15th place, only five points above the relegated teams, Aston Villa and Blackburn Rovers.
In 1936 Martin was sold to Nottingham Forest in the Second Division. Although he was unable to get them promoted to the First Division over the next two seasons he had the excellent record of scoring 41 goals in 81 appearances.
Martin joined Notts County in 1938 but his career was interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War. He retired from professional football in 1945. Martin had the outstanding record of 77 goals in 144 games.
David Martin died in 1991.
T hese days, David Beckham is known for many things, but he first came to prominence as a football player. With his powerful right foot, passing ability, and signature curled free-kicks, he established himself as one of Britain’s greatest football stars. During his 20-year career, he won 19 major trophies for his clubs and appeared in 115 games for England. In 2004, Pelé named Beckham one of the 100 greatest living players.
Manchester United (1992–2003)
Preston North End (1994–1995, loan)
Real Madrid (2003–2007)
LA Galaxy (2007–2012)
Milan (2009, loan)
Milan (2010, loan)
Paris Saint-Germain (2013)
Club football: 523 matches, 97 goals
National team: 115 matches, 17 goals
Topic: David Martin
There's not a cure available, so patients are often left somewhat frustrated by continuing pain and fatigue. Acupuncture is one of the few things shown to be effective for these symptoms. It may be particularly attractive to patients who are unable to take medications because of intolerable side effects
Study: Acupuncture helps fibromyalgia pain Aug 24, 2005
Based upon preliminary revenue information, were it not for the labor issues, revenue would have met our guidance for the fourth quarter ending Sept. 30Executive Business Briefing Oct 04, 2002
Based upon preliminary revenue information, were it not for the labor issues, revenue would have met our guidance for the fourth quarter ending Sept. 30Dock shutdown hurts Action Performance Oct 03, 2002
Based upon preliminary financial information, we believe that our revenues for the third quarter ending June 30, 2002, will equal or exceed our earlier revenue guidance of $106 million to $107 millionExecutive Business Briefing Jul 08, 2002
Through decades of change and growth, the University has held true to its Benedictine values &ndash community, hospitality, stewardship, listening and dignity of work, among others &ndash which remain central to life at Saint Martin&rsquos.
1890's & 1900's
From parochial beginnings to an incipient college
Photo: Old Main at Saint Martin's University in 1895.
- 1893 - The site of the University and that of its founder, Saint Martin&rsquos Abbey, is selected by Abbot Bernard Locnikar, O.S.B., of Minnesota's Saint John's Abbey, Saint Martin's Abbey&rsquos mother house. The location sits on 300 acres of peaceful woodlands, meadows and meandering trails.
- 1894 - On April 21, the parcel that later becomes the Saint Martin&rsquos campus is purchased for $6,920 at a public auction.
- 1895 - Work begins on Saint Martin&rsquos first building in January, and a four story structure housing both the school and a monastery are completed by late summer. Saint Martin's opens its doors Sept. 11, 1895 for a single student, Angus McDonald, who reportedly travels by canoe from Shelton, some 25 miles away. He is joined by several more students in the following weeks, but until their arrival, receives a full course of high school level classes as the school&rsquos lone enrollee. As with other 19th century American Benedictine schools, the new College enrolls mostly boys and young men between the ages of 10 and 20. Both boarders and "day scholars" are accepted and taught from a curriculum of preparatory and high school classes, plus classical and commercial college courses.
- 1897 - 29 grammar and high school students are attending Saint Martin's.
- 1900 - College-level courses are added in to provide the necessary education for candidates planning to enter the Benedictine priesthood.
- 1903 - "A special building for lay brothers and workers," designed and built by the industrious Father Ulric, is built to the northeast of the original College building.
- 1904 - A forty-four by sixty-six feet, four story addition is attached to the north side of the 1895 original College structure to double the dining room space and provide room for a "spacious" chapel on the second level. In May, Saint Martin's acquires the services of three Benedictine Sisters from Saint Gertrude's Convent in Cottonwood, Idaho to run its kitchen department.
- 1905 - The College employs its first lay teacher, Mr. Charles Hoffman. The first gymnasium is built east of the hill.
- 1906 - Father Sebastian Ruth becomes the first priest specifically ordained for Saint Martin's. Saint Martin's first intramural sports are introduced, including baseball, basketball, handball, tennis and bowling.
1910's & 1920's
From a good cause in the West to an adolescent institution
Photo: Saint Martin's football team in 1915.
- 1910 - A "handsome, modern" ninety by forty-eight feet gymnasium is built on the flats on the east side of campus after 1909 fire. It boasts a full-sized handball court and can be used for basketball and indoor baseball.
- 1912 - Lacey's Benedictine monks approve in principle and initiate planning for a new and much larger building for the 17 year-old institution "to meet the need of proper acommodations" for an "increasing student attendance."
- 1913 - The new building is completed, with a full basement story containing scientific labs and lecture rooms as well as two social halls. On Nov. 16, the solemn blessing and dedication of the new building takes place and is described as "the largest gathering that [has] ever assembled in the little town of Lacey," with more than 500 hundred people signing the guest book.
- 1914 - Abbot Oswald Baran is elected by his fellow monks to be Saint Martin's first abbot. The first edition of The Martian, a 70 page quarterly publication appears under the asupices of Father Sebastian Ruth and contains fiction, poetry and general campus news. Also, Father Sebastian Ruth's amateur shortwave radio station, W7YS, first goes on air.
- 1918 - The eight-foot memorial statue of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in front of Old Main is donated by the men participating in Saint Martin's first Laymen's Retreat (popular spiritual exercises held in Lacey every summer until 1956).
- 1919 - On Oct. 6, a tragic fire destroys the new gymanisum.
- 1920 - On Oct. 9, two thousand people hear a speech by Robert Bridges, Farmer-Labor Party nominee for governor who is denied use of the Olympia High School auditorium. No other hall in the capital city is large enough to accomodate the anticipated crowd.
- 1921 - Father Sebastian's "hobby" radio station develops into a part-time, licensed broadcasting station and is assigned the call letters KGY.
- 1925 - Father Sebastian inaugurates a campus yearbook, the Marian Annual.
- 1926 - Athletic teams join a conference (Washington-Oregon Conference) for the first time.
- 1927 - the yearbook is renamed the Samarco.
- During the Great Depression - The school closes its grammar school and focuses on developing its high school and college programs.
1930's & 1940's
New leadership and challenges
Photo: Saint Martin's campus entrance in 1939.
- 1930 - Golf course and tennis courts are built. High School basketball team wins "State junior college crown with comparative ease."
- 1932 - A forest fire threatens the campus and is "brought under control by the combined efforts of faculty and students."
- 1934 - In April, the Benedictine Monachist, edited and largely written by Father Sebastian, begins bi-monthly publication with the goal of stimulating further interest in Benedictine and religious matters.
- 1935 - Separately accredited high school and college programs are offered for Saint Martin&rsquos all-male student body. Father Gerald Desmond serves as dean of the College.
- 1938 - Saint Martin's becomes a four-year, accredited, baccalaureate-granting institution. Father Martin Toner becomes dean of men. Saint Martin's athletic teams become part of the Washington Intercollegiate Conference.
- 1939 - Late in the fall semester, an aviation ground school class for 20 men is offered on campus in conjuction with Buroker-Hicks.
- 1940 - Saint Martin&rsquos first graduates receive degrees. The first men's college basketball team is formed.
- 1942 - Head coach Jimmy Ennis leads the football team to a conference championship.
- 1943 - Father Raphael Heider is elected third abbot in 1943.
- 1945 - The College holds its 50th Commencement on June 8 with three College and 16 High School graduates. It also celebrates a joyful but limited observance of its 50th anniversary due to war time constraints.
- 1946 - The first men's basketball team is established again after World War II
- 1947 - The First Invitational collegiate track and field event is held ("Saint Martin's Relays).
- 1949 - Saint Martin's joins the Evergreen Conference.
- During World War II - The College virtually comes to a standstill, but the postwar years see the enrollment of hundreds of &ldquoG.I. Bill&rdquo veterans and a growing list of course offerings. Five of the Abbey's priests serve as chaplains stateside and/or overseas in the U.S. Army or Army Air Force.
1950's & 1960's
Growth and opportunities
Photo: Saint Martin's homecoming court 1955.
- 1953 - Grace. S. Dixon graduates cum laude as valedictorian. A graduate of Tacoma General Hospital's nursing school, she is one of a handful of Olympia-area women allowed by way of exception to complete her coursework at Saint Martin's for a bachelor's degree.
- 1955 to 1959 - Father Damian Glenn, O.S.B. serves as University president.
- 1959 - In June, the Benedictine Sisters of Saint Gertrude's Convent in Cottonwood, Idaho withdraw from Saint Martin's culinary and sewing departments.
- 1959 to 1964 - Father Dunstan Curtis, O.S.B. serves as University president.
- 1961 - A curriculum for girls is added to the High School.
- 1964 - Father Gerald Desmond is elected Saint Martin's fourth abbot.
- 1964 to 1971 - Father Michael Feeney, O.S.B. serves as University president.
- 1965 - In September, a public announcement is made that the College will enroll women in all of its programs. Father Michael quickly begins a search for a dean of women. Mrs. (soon to become Dr.) Elda Brophy is selected for this position. The monks elect Father Gerald Desmond as the new abbot in December. A student Union Building largely funded by the Associated Students organization (ASSMC) is erected.
- 1966 - Saint Martin's athletic teams become the Saint Martin's Saints.The striking three-story Burton Hall residence center is erected near the popular Baran Hall, housing up to 184 students and providing an apartment for the director of residence. Father Michael establishes an advisory Board of Regents to advise the College administration, staff and faculty as to the most effective ways of helping the College grow in quality as well as size.
- 1967 - The new Board of Regents' inaugural meeting takes place in the Student Union Building on campus and is chaired by Tacoma businessman Robert P. Mallon.
- 1968 - Saint Martin's much-needed and long-awaited health and physical education building, initially called the Capital Pavilion, is completed and dedicated in January. The men's basketball team makes its first ever berth to the NAIA District-One Championship.
1970's & 1980's
Changes and more challenges
Photo: A student in a Saint Martin's classroom in 1971.
- 1970 - The Abbey Church is completed and becomes the campus' most important building.
- 1971 to 1975 - Father Matthew Naumes, O.S.B. serves as University president.
- 1972 - Saint Martin&rsquos begins offering extension programs at nearby Fort Lewis Army Post and McChord Air Force Base.
- 1974 - Saint Martin&rsquos High School is closed due to declining enrollment.
- 1975 to 1980 - Father John Scott, O.S.B. serves as University president.
- 1979 - The first official women's basketball team (Lady Saints) is formed.
- 1980 - The monks of Saint Martin's Abbey elect Father Adrian Parcher to be their sixth abbot. Classical music concerts are held in Abbey Church in observance of the 1500th anniversary of the birth of Saint Benedict.
- 1980 to 1984 - Dr. John Ishii serves as president of the University, becoming the first layperson to lead the Benedictine College in the school's eighty-five year history.
- 1982 - The Spiritual Life Institute is established under the joint sponsorship of the College and Abbey.
- 1983 - The first annual SMAF golf tournament is held.
- 1984 to 2005 - Dr. David Spangler serves as president of the University.
- 1985 - The Saint Martin's Athletic Foundation is established "to encourage and enhance the quality" of Saint Martin's intercollegiate and intramural athletic programs.
- 1986 - On May 23, the Abbey Chapter elects Father Conrad Rausch as the monastery's seventh abbot.
- Saint Martin&rsquos adds graduate programs in education, engineering and counseling psychology to its growing list of areas of study. The Institute for Pacific Rim Studies is also created, which is now known as the University&rsquos Office of International Program&rsquos and Development.
- 1988 - the first official volleyball team is formed.
1990's & 2000's
From yesterday to tomorrow
Photo: Saint Martin's students playing arcade games with a monk in 2008.
Senior Football (Club)
Club Championship Senior Football Cup: Michael O’Connor Cup presented by Munster Council in 1991 to commemorate late Chairman & Treasurer.
Holders: Nemo Rangers, Cork (Captained by Barry O’Driscoll)
The Club Championships were inaugurated in 1964 for the 1964 champions of each county. Though the inaugural championship was not completed in Football until Easter Sunday 1966, for our records below this was the 1964 championship. In subsequent years also the championships were not always completed within the current year but as the competition is for the club champions of each year we feel that the result should reflect that year and not the year the championship finished.
The teams listed below are those which took part in the Munster Club Senior Football Final in the year listed.
The teams in Bold went on to win the All-Ireland Club Championship Senior Football Final in that season.
1964 – SHANNON RANGERS, KERRY: Alan Kennelly, Tom O’Sullivan, Paudie O’Donoghue, Mick Joe Quinlan, John Mulvihill, John McCarthy, Michael Mulvihill, Jer D O’Connor, Mick Walsh, Brian McCarthy, Tony Barrett, John O’Sullivan, Eamonn O’Donoghue, Richard Carey, Willie Doran
1965 – EAST KERRY: Philip Scully, Dan O’Keeffe, Jimmy Hegarty, Jim Gleeson, Gerry Cullinane, Derry Crowley, Jer O’Donoghue, Pat Casey, Pat Moynihan, J.J. Tangney, Paddy O’Donoghue, John Saunders, Johnny O’Mahony, Pa Mannix, Denis Coffey
1966 – ST, NICHOLAS, CORK: Donie O’Donovan, John Joe Kelly, Eamonn Buckley, Sean McAllen, Paddy O’Brien, Tom Corbett, Maurice O’Connor, Denis Coughlan, Patsy Harte, Dave Moore, Denis O’Driscoll. Jackie Daly (Captain), Bill Carroll, Andrew Flynn, Finbarr O’Neill
1967 – BEARA, CORK: Riobárd O’Dwyer Sean Power, Patrick Paddy O’Sullivan, John L. O’Sullivan Kevin Jer O’Sullivan, Connie Murphy, Pat O’Shea Jim Downing, Bernie O’Neill (Captain) Pearse Lyne, Paul Paddy O’Sullivan, Mick O’Regan Joe O’Sullivan, Con Paddy O’Sullivan, Cormac O’Sullivan
1968 – EAST KERRY: Weeshie Fogarty Jerry McCarthy, Derry Crowley, Jim Gleeson Eamonn Fitzgerald, Jimmy Hegarty, Jer O’Donoghue Donie O’Sullivan, Pat Moynihan Paddy O’Donoghue, Tim Sheehan, Patsy O’Connor J.J. Tangney, Gerard Cullinane, Mickie Lyne.
1969 – COMPETITION UNFINISHED.
1970 – EAST KERRY: Weeshie Fogarty, Dan O’Keeffe, Noel Power, Jim Gleeson, Donie O’Sullivan, Derry Crowley, Jer O’Donoghue, Paddy O’Donoghue, Pat Moynihan, Gerard Cullinane, Eamonn Fitzgerald, Johnny O’Mahony, Dennis Coffey, Mick Gleeson (Captain), Johnny Culloty
Subs: Pat Casey for Culloty Mickie Lyne for Cullinane
1971 – U.C.C. CORK: Noel Murphy, Jim Gleeson, Moss Keane, Jim Coughlan (Captain), John O’Grady, Seamus Looney, Tom Looney, Paudie Lynch, Neilie O’Sullivan, Brendan Lynch, Richard Bambury, Donal Murray, Dennis Coffey, Dan Kavanagh, Niall Brosnan
Sub: Simon Murphy
1972 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Billy Morgan (Captain), John Corcoran, Eddie Brophy, Brian Murphy, Der Cogan, Frank Cogan, Denis O’Driscoll, Donal Barrett, Mick O’Donoghue, Kieran Collins, Seamus Coughlan, Billy Cogan, Liam Goode, Jimmy Barrett, Colm Murphy.
Sub: David Philpott.
1973 – U.C.C. CORK: Noel Murphy, Billy O’Connell, Johnny McMahon, Sean Kavanagh, John O’Grady, Paud O’Shea, Tom Looney, Nellie O’Sullivan (Captain), Flann Groarke, Brendan Lynch, Eugene O’Sullivan, Sean O’Shea, Donal Murray, Dan Kavanagh, Niall Brosnan
1974 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Billy Morgan, John Corcoran, Eddie Brophy, Frank Cogan (Captain), Der Cogan, Brian Murphy, Denis O’Driscoll, Mick O’Donoghue, Kieran Murphy, Liam Goode, Seamus Coughlan, Kieran Collins, Noel Morgan, Jimmy Barrett, Colm Murphy.
Sub: Declan Murphy.
1975 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Billy Morgan, Frank Cogan (Captain), Brian Murphy, Gerry Weldon, Der Cogan, Kieran Collins, Denis O’Driscoll, Denis Linehan, Kieran Murphy, Seamus Coughlan, Dinny Allen, Seamus Leydon, Noel Morgan, Jimmy Barrett, Colm Murphy
Subs: Liam Goode, John Murphy
1976 – AUSTIN STACKS, KERRY: Teddy Brick, Garry Scollard, Noel Power, Gerard O’Keeffe, F. Lawlor, Anthony O’Keeffe, Ger Power, Dinny Long, Timmy Sheehan, Paddy Moriarty, John O’Keeffe (Captain), Mike Sheehy, Jackie Power, Billy Curtin, P. McCarthy.
Sub: John L. McElligott.
1977 – THOMOND COLLEGE, LIMERICK: Liam Murphy, Mick Houston, Sean O’Shea, Eddie Mahon, Martin Connolly, Brian McSweeney, Mick Spillane, Brian Talty, Tony Harkin, Jimmy Dunne, Richie Bell, Declan Smyth, Mick Kilcoyne, Pat Spillane (Captain), John O’Connell.
1978 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Billy Morgan, Frank Cogan, Fred Stone, Kieran Murphy, Jimmy Kerrigan, Brian Murphy (Captain), Denis O’Driscoll, Donal Murphy, Kieran Brady, Jimmy Barrett, Dinny Allen, Timmy Dalton, Noel Morgan, Denis Linehan, Kieran Collins.
Subs: Colm Murphy, Sean Hayes
1979 – ST. FINBARRS, CORK: Bertie O’Brien, Donal O’Grady, Mark Healy, Gene Aherne (Captain), Danny Brosnan, Christy Ryan, Dessie O’Grady, Jim Barry, Micheal Lynch, Finny Twomey, Richie Kenny, Finny O’Mahony, Jimmy Barry-Murphy, John Allen, Gary McCarthy.
Sub: Dave Barry.
1980 – ST. FINBARRS, CORK:- Bertie O’Brien (Captain), Donal O’Grady, Mark Healy, Gene Desmond, David Philpott, Christy Ryan, John Cremin, Micheal Lynch, Teddy Holland, Dave Barry, Richie Kenny, Finny O’Mahony, Jimmy Barry-Murphy, John Allen, James O’Callaghan
Subs: Dessie O’Grady, Declan O’Mahony, Niall Kennefick
1981 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Don Bevan, Frank Cogan, Brian Murphy, Aidan Keane, Jimmy Kerrigan, Tom Hennebry, Denis O’Driscoll, Donal Murphy, Micky Niblock, Timmy Dalton, Sean Hayes, Colm Murphy (Captain), Charlie Murphy, Dinny Allen, Michael Dorgan
Subs: Seamus Coughlan, Ephie Fitzgerald, Billy Sheehan
1982 – ST. FINBARRS, CORK: John Kerins, John Cremin, John Meyler, Gene Desmond (Captain), Damian Philpott, Christy Ryan, Michael Carey, Tony Leahy, Tadhg O’Reilly, Dave Barry, Richie Kenny, Finny O’Mahony, Danny Brosnan, John Allen, Teddy Holland
1983 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Don Bevan, Aidan Keane, Brian Murphy, Kieran Murphy, Jimmy Kerrigan (Captain), Micheal Lynch, Tony Nation, Timmy Dalton, Tom Hennebry, Seamus Coughlan, Sean Hayes, Colm Murphy, Charlie Murphy, Dinny Allen, Ephie Fitzgerald
Sub: Michael Dorgan
1984 – CASTLEISLAND DESMONDS, KERRY: Charlie Nelligan, Diarmuid O’Ciarubhain, Billy Lyons (Captain), Willie King, Michael John Kearney, Arthur O’Connor, Denis Lyons, Mike O’Connor, Dermot Hanafin, Dom O’Lyne, Christy Kearney, Phil Horan, Martin Downey, Pa O’Callaghan, John Lordan.
Subs: Willie O’Connor, Donie Buckley.
1985 – CASTLEISLAND DESMONDS, KERRY: Charlie Neligan, Diarmuid O’Ciarubhain, Denis Lyons, Willie King (Captain), Johnny O’Connor, Michael John Kearney, Pa O’Callaghan, Mike O’Connor, Dermot Hanafin, Dom O’Lyne, Christy Kearney, John Lordan, Martin Downey, Donie Buckley, Phil Horan.
Sub Willie O’Connor.
1986 – ST.FINBARRS, CORK: John Kerins, John Cremin, John Meyler (Captain), Damian Philpott, Michael Carey, Kieran Scanlon, Mick Slocum, Paddy Hayes, Tony Leahy, Kieran McCarthy, Christy Ryan, Dave Barry, Mick Barry, John Allen, Tony Power.
Sub Eric Barrett
1987 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Jerome O’Mahony, Mick Fitzgerald, Ralph O’Leary, Micheál Lynch, Jimmy Kerrigan, Niall Creedon, Declan Creedon, Timmy Dalton, Shea Fahy, Tony Nation, Stephen O’Brien, Colm Murphy, Michael Dorgan, Dinny Allen, Ephie Fitzgerald (Captain)
Subs: Don Bevan, Ger O’Regan, Aidan Keane
1988 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Jerome O’Mahony, Aidan Keane, Micheál Lynch, Jimmy Kerrigan, Declan Creedon, Stephen O’Brien, Tony Griffin, Timmy Dalton, Denis O’Sullivan, Paul O’Donovan, Tony Nation (Captain), Stephen Calnan, Michael Dorgan, Dinny Allen, Ephie Fitzgerald
Sub: Sean Hayes
1989 – CASTLEHAVEN, CORK: John Maguire, Michael Maguire, Niall Cahalane, Patsy Cahalane, Michael O’Brien, Michael Burns, Denis Cleary, David O’Regan, Larry Tompkins (Captain), Edmund Cleary, John Cahalane, Francie Collins, Martin O’Mahony, T.J. O’Regan, John Cleary
1990 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 0-8 Clonmel Commercials, Tipperary 0-8 (Drawn game), Dr. Crokes, Kerry 0-15 Clonmel Commercials, Tipperary 0-10 (Replay – after extra time)
DR.CROKES, KERRY: Peter O’Brien, Sean Clarke, Liam Hartnett, John Foley, Connie Murphy, John Galvin, Colm O’Shea, Noel O’Leary, Padraig O’Shea, Seanie O’Shea, Connie O’Doherty (Captain), Ger O’Shea, Pat O’Shea, Mike.Buckley, Martin Byrnes.
Subs: John Foley, Danny Cooper. (Aiden O’Shea played in drawn game)
1991 – DR.CROKES, KERRY: Peter O’Brien, Brendan Keogh, Liam Hartnett, Sean Clarke, John Clifford, John Galvin, Colm O’Shea, Connie Murphy, Noel O’Leary, Connie Doherty, Roland Neher, Seanie O’Shea (Captain), Pat O’Shea, Vincent Casey, Ger O’Shea
Subs: John Foley, Danny Cooper
1992 – O’DONOVAN ROSSA, CORK: Kevin O’Dwyer, John Evans, John O’Donovan, Frankie McCarthy, Gene O’Driscoll, Tony Davis, Ian Breen, Denis O’Driscoll, Brendan O’Donovan, Pat Davis, John O’Driscoll, Don Davis, John Brady, Mick McCarthy (Captain), Neville Murphy
Subs Gerard Davis, Darragh Whooley, Martin Bohane
1993 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Don Bevan, Jimmy Kerrigan, Niall Creedon, Paudie Dorgan, Ken Cowhie, Tony Griffin, Tony Nation, Shea Fahy, Stephen O’Brien (Captain), Joe Kavanagh, Timmy Dalton, Stephen Calnan, Peter Lambert, Ephie Fitzgerald, Colin Corkery
Subs: Larry Kavanagh, Niall Corkery, Paul O’Donovan
1994 – CASTLEHAVEN, CORK: Michael Maguire, Dónal McCarthy, Denis Cleary, Dinny Cahalane, Michael O’Brien, Brian Collins, Liam O’Connell, Niall Cahalane (Captain), Danny O’Sullivan, John Maguire, M.C. O’Mahony, Francis Cahalane, Edmund Cleary, Larry Tompkins, Martin O’Mahony
Subs: John Cleary, Patsy Cahalane
1995 – LAUNE RANGERS, KERRY: Peter Lyons, Adrian Hassett, Paudie Sheehan, Mark O’Connor, Mike Hassett, Tommy Byrnes, Shane O’Sullivan, Timmy Fleming, Pierce Prenderville, Joe Shannon, Conor Kearney, Gerard Murphy (Captain), Paul Griffin, Liam Hassett, Billy O’Shea.
Subs: Pa Murphy, James O’Shea, Billy O’Sullivan.
1996 – LAUNE RANGERS, KERRY: Peter Lyons, Adrian Hassett, Paudie Sheehan, Mark O’Connor (Captain), Billy O’Shea, John Sheehan, Pa Murphy, Pierce Prenderville, Tommy Byrnes, Gerard Murphy, Conor Kearney, Joe Shannon, Paul Griffin, Liam Hassett, Mike Frank Russell.
Subs: Pa O’Sullivan, Brian Gannon.
1997 – CASTLEHAVEN, CORK: Michael Maguire, Kevin O’Donovan, Denis Cleary, Dónal McCarthy, Michael O’Brien, Brian Collins, Liam O’Connell, Alan Crowley, Liam Collins, John Maguire, Larry Tompkins (Captain), Francis Cahalane, Martin O’Mahony, Colin Crowley, John Cleary
Subs: Stephen Connolly, Brendan Deasy
1998 – DOONBEG, CLARE: Nigel Dillon, Padraig Gallagher (Captain), Conor Whelan, Declan Griffin, Declan Conway, Kieran Burns, Philip Smith, Kieran Nugent, Senan Hehir, Padraig Conway, Francis McInerney, Gerry Killeen, Paul Hehir, Brendan Lynch, Brian Shanahan
Subs: Oliver Conway. (Kieran O’Mahony played in drawn game)
1999: U.C.C., CORK: Alan Quirke, Caoimhin Breathnach, Seán MacSithigh, Fionan Kelleher, Paul Galvin, Eamonn Fitzmaurice, Damien Reidy, Gary Stack, Michael O’Shea, Keith Moran, Michael O’Croinin (Captain), Billy Sheehan, Ian Twiss, Liam Murphy, Michael D. Cahill
Subs: Seamus Downey, Eamonn Hanrahan, Paul Hanley
2000 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Don Heaphy, Larry Kavanagh (Captain), Niall Geary, Ivan Gibbons, Kieran Connolly, Stephen O’Brien, Declan Creedon, Martin Cronin, Kevin Cahill, Sean O’Brien, Joe Kavanagh, David Niblock, Derek Kavanagh, Colin Corkery, Alan Cronin.
Subs: Liam O’Sullivan, Alan Morgan.
2001 – NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Don Heaphy Larry Kavanagh, Niall Geary, Stephen O’Brien Gary Murphy, Mick Daly, Martin Cronin Kevin Cahill, Derek Kavanagh Dylan Mehigan, John Paul O’Neill, Maurice McCarthy Alan Cronin, Colin Corkery, Joe Kavanagh.
Sub: David Niblock
2002 – Nemo Rangers, Cork 4-15 Monaleen, Limerick 0-6
NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Don Heaphy Larry Kavanagh, Niall Geary, Sean O’Brien Gary Murphy, Martin Cronin, Mick Daly Kevin Cahill, Derek Kavanagh Alan Cronin, John Paul O’Neill, Maurice McCarthy Joe Kavanagh, Colin Corkery, William Morgan.
Subs: Stephen O’Brien, Dylan Meighan, James Masters, Liam O’Sullivan
2003 – An Ghaeltacht, Kerry 1-8 St. Senan’s Kilkee 1-6
AN GHAELTACHT, KERRY: Padraig Ó hÉalaithe Feargal Ó Sé, Marc Ó Sé, Sean MacSithigh Daithí MacGearailt, Tomás Ó Sé, Brendan Breathnach Darragh Ó Sé (Captain), Pól Ó Cuinn Conall Ó Cruadhaloich, Roibeard MacGearailt, Tomás Ó Conchúir Cathal Ó Dubhda, Dara Ó Cinnéide, Aodán MacGearailt.
Subs: J.J. Cordubh for Ó Cruadhlaoich Tomás Ó Muircheartaigh for Aodán MacGearailt.
2004 – Kilmurry Ibrickane, Clare 0-9 Stradbally, Waterford 0-9 (drawn game) Kilmurry Ibrickane, Clare 0-9 Stradbally, Waterford 0-8 (replay)
KILMURRY IBRICKANE, CLARE: Dermot O’Brien Martin Keavey, John O’Connor, Brendan Moloney Declan Callinan, Martin Cahill, Evan Talty Peter O’Dwyer, Odhran O’Dwyer (Captain) Aongus Corry, Enda Coughlan, Shane Hickey Michael Hogan, Johnny Daly, Michael O’Dwyer.
Subs: Robert O’Dwyer for Talty, Gary Donnellan for Robert O’Dwyer, Martin O’Connor for Hogan
2005 – Nemo Rangers, Cork 2-12 St. Senan’s Kilkee, Clare 1-6
NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Brian Morgan Gary Murphy, Niall Geary, Gearoid O’Shea Mick Daly, Brian O’Regan, Ciaran O’Shea Martin Cronin, Maurice McCarthy Alan Cronin, Sean O’Brien, David Niblock James Masters, Paul Kerrigan, William Morgan.
Subs: Neil O’Sullivan for Geary Dylan Mehigan for McCarthy Joe Kavanagh for Kerrigan Alan Morgan for William Morgan Michael Kearney for Alan Cronin
2006 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 2-5 Nire, Waterford 0-8
DR. CROKES, KERRY: Kieran Cremin Keith McMahon, Luke Quinn, Michael Moloney Batt Moriarty, Brian McMahon, Eanna Kavanagh Ambrose O’Donovan, Eoin Brosnan Brian Looney, Kieran Brosnan, Andrew Kennelly Colm “Gooch” Cooper, James Fleming (Captain), Kieran O’Leary.
Subs: James Cahillane for Kieran Brosnan, Vince Cooper for Brian Looney, David Moloney for Keith McMahon, Shane Doolan for Andrew Kennelly, Edward O’Sullivan for Kieran O’Leary
2007 – Nemo Rangers, Cork 1-10 Ballinacourty, Waterford 1-7
NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Brian Morgan Brian O’Regan, Derek Kavanagh, Niall Geary (Captain) Mick Daly, Martin Cronin, Gearoid O’Shea Peter Morgan, Maurice McCarthy Ricky Kenny, Dylan Mehigan, Alan Cronin David Kearney, James Masters, Paul Kerrigan
Subs: Brian Twomey for Kearney Gary Murphy for O Se Barry O’Driscoll for Kenny Darragh Breen for Daly
2008 – Dromcollogher-Broadford, Limerick 0-6 Kilmurry-Ibrickane, Clare 0-5
DROMCOLLOGHER-BROADFORD, LIMERICK: Eamon Scollard Dee O’Leary, Tommy Stack, Mikey Clancy Neil Conway, Tom McLoughlin (Captain), Eoin Barry Patrick Donnelly, Jason Stokes Derry McCarthy, Michaél Reidy, Sean Buckley Garry Egan, Ray Lynch, Garrett Noonan
Sub: John O’Kelly for NeilConway (57)
2009 – Kilmurry-Ibrickane, Clare 0-7 Kerins O’Rahillys, Kerry 0-6
KILMURRY IBRICKANE, CLARE: Dermot O’Brien Martin McMahon, Mark Killeen, Darren Hickey Shane Hickey, Enda Coughlan (Captain), Declan Callinan Paul O’Connor, Peter O’Dwyer Michael Hogan, Ian McInerney, Stephen Moloney Johnny Daly, Odhran O’Dwyer, Michael O’Dwyer
Subs: Evan Talty for Hogan (41st minute) Noel Downes for Odhran O’Dwyer (48th) Peter O’Dwyer for Moloney (54th) Mark McCarthy for Daly (60th)
2010 – Nemo Rangers, Cork 1-15 Dr. Crokes, Kerry 1-13
NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Brian Morgan Aidan O’Reilly, Derek Kavanagh, Ciarán O’Shea Colin O’Brien, Brian O’Regan, Daragh Breen Peter Morgan, David Niblock Alan Cronin, Paul Kerrigan, David Kearney James Masters, Sean O’Brien, Barry O’Driscoll.
Subs: Alan Morgan for Kerrigan (48), Brian Twomey for O’Driscoll (59).
2011 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 3-14 UCC, Cork 2-10
DR. CROKES, KERRY: Alan Kelly John Payne, Luke Quinn (Captain), David O’Leary Fionn Fitzgerald, Eoin Brosnan, Shane Myers Ambrose O’Donovan, Johnny Buckley Andrew Kenneally, Daithi Casey, Brian Looney Colm Cooper, Kieran O’Leary, Jamie Doolan
Subs: Keith McMahon for O’Leary, (26) Brian McMahon for Buckley,(53) Chris Brady for Doolan, (57) Shane O’Neill for Kenneally, (60)
2012 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 0-19 Castlehaven, Cork 0-12
DR. CROKES, KERRY: David Moloney John Payne, Michael Moloney, Fionn Fitzgerald Luke Quinn, Eoin Brosnan, Shane Myers Ambrose O’Donovan, Johnny Buckley Kieran O’Leary, (captain), Daithi Casey, Brian Looney Chris Brady, Colm Cooper, Jamie Doolan
Subs: Shane Doolan for Brosnan (inj) (22) Gavin O’Shea for Brady (49) David O’Leary for Myers (52) Andrew Kennelly for J. Doolan (57) Kieran Ward for Fitzgerald (inj) (60)
2013 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 0-13 Cratloe, Clare 0-12
DR. CROKES, KERRY: David Moloney Kieran Ward, Fionn Fitzgerald, John Payne Luke Quinn, Eoin Brosnan, Michael Moloney Ambrose O’Donovan, Johnny Buckley Alan O’Sullivan Daithi Casey, Brian Looney Kieran O’Leary, Colm Cooper, Gavin O’Shea
Subs: Michael Burns for O’Shea (46) David O’Leary for Ward (49) Shane Doolan for Quinn (55)
2014 – Austin Stacks, Kerry 3-5 Nire, Waterford 2-4
AUSTIN STACKS, KERRY: Darragh O’Brien Fearghal McNamara, Barry Shanahan, (Captain), Denis McElligott Pa McCarthy, Conor Jordan, Ciaran O’Connell Wayne Guthrie, Greg Horan Mikey Collins, Shane Carroll, Daniel Bohan David Mannix, Kieran Donaghy, Shane O’Callaghan
Subs: John Dennis for O’Connell (30) Fiachna Mangan for Collins (43) William Kirby for Gutherie (47) Darragh Long for Mannix (55) Michael O’Donnell for Bohan (56)
2015 – Clonmel Commercials, Tipperary 1-7 Nemo Rangers, Cork 0-9
CLONMEL COMMERCIALS, TIPPERARY: Jake McDonald Jamie Peters, Donal Lynch, Fergal Condon Luke Moore, Kevin Fahey, Kevin Harney (Captain) Jack Kennedy, Aldo Matassa Padraig White, Jason Lonergan, Ian Fahey John Harney, Michael Quinlivan, Seamus Kennedy
Subs: Ian Barnes for John Harney (40 mins) Padraig Looram for Jack Kennedy (43) Danny Madigan for White (47) Eoin Fitzgerald for Ian Fahey (59)
2016 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 3-15 Nire, Waterford 0-6
DR. CROKES, KERRY: Shane Murphy John Payne, Michael Moloney, Fionn Fitzgerald Gavin White, Alan O’Sullivan. David O’Leary Ambrose O’Donovan, Johnny Buckley (Captain) Daithi Casey, Gavin O’Shea, Brian Looney Colm Cooper, Kieran O’Leary, Eoin Brosnan.
Subs: Micheál Burns for O’Donovan (44 mins) Jordan Kiely for Casey (48 mins) Tony Brosnan for O’Shea (51 mins) Luke Quinn for Payne (51 mins) Chris Brady for Looney (54 mins) P.J. Lawlor for O’Sullivan (57 mins)
2017 – Nemo Rangers, Cork 0-16 Dr. Crokes, Kerry 0-11
NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Micheál A. Martin Kevin O’Donovan, Aidan O’Reilly (Captain), Alan Cronin Jack O’Donovan, Stephen Cronin, Kevin Fulignati Alan O’Donovan, Jack Horgan Barry O’Driscoll Paul Kerrigan Colin O’Brien Luke Connolly Paddy Gumley, Ciarán Dalton.
Subs: Conor Horgan for Gumley (58 mins) Adrian Grainey for Kerrigan (60 mins)
2018 – Dr. Crokes, Kerry 1-21 St. Josephs Miltown Malbay, Clare 2-9
DR. CROKES, KERRY: Shane Murphy John Payne (Captain), Michael Moloney, Fionn Fitzgerald David O’Leary, Gavin White, Shane Doolan Johnny Buckley, Daithi Casey Micheál Burns, Gavin O’Shea, Brian Looney David Shaw, Kieran O’Leary, Tony Brosnan.
Subs: Michael Potts for Doolan (40 mins) Colm Cooper for Looney (43 mins) Alan O’Sullivan for Moloney (48 mins) Jordan Kiely for Shaw (49 mins) David Naughton for David O’Leary (55 mins) Brian Fitzgerald for Burns (58 mins)
2019 – Nemo Rangers, Cork 0-15 Clonmel Commercials, Tipperary 0-6
NEMO RANGERS, CORK: Micheál Martin Briain Murphy, Aidan O’Reilly, Alan Cronin Kevin O’Donovan, Stephen Cronin, Jack Horgan Alan O’Donovan, James McDermott Luke Connolly, Paul Kerrigan, Colin O’Brien Mark Cronin, Barry O’Driscoll (Captain), Conor Horgan.
Subs: Ciaran Dalton for O’Brien (50 mins) Kevin Fulignati for O’Driscoll (58 mins) Ronan Dalton for Jack Horgan (63 mins) Brian Twomey for Conor Horgan (63 mins) Kieran Histon for Murphy (63 mins)
Teams from 1964 to 2000 compiled by Jim Cronin for the Munster GAA Story Volume 2. (2001)
Updated from 2001 onwards by Ed Donnelly. List of Captains and Christian Names added by Ed Donnelly
David Martin footballer - History
Raya was born in Barcelona, beginning his football career with UE Cornella before moving to join Blackburn Rovers in July 2012.
He made his way through the club&rsquos academy before signing a professional contract, aged 18, at Ewood Park. Conference Premier side Southport took him on loan for the 2014-15 season, giving him First Team experience before he returned to Rovers.
He made his professional debut in a 3-0 win over Leeds United at Elland Road on 5 April 2015, describing the experience as &lsquoa dream start&rsquo. He would play for a second time on the final day of that campaign, a 3-2 win over Ipswich Town.
For the next two years he battled Jason Steele for the number one jersey, making 13 appearances as the side were relegated out of the second tier.
Despite losing the first two games of the 2017/18 season, with Raya as first choice Blackburn finished second behind Wigan Athletic in League One. He made 45 league appearances in what would become his breakthrough season, staying in place for the following Championship campaign.
Rovers ended the year in 15th before Raya joined Brentford for an undisclosed fee, swapping Ewood Park for West London after 108 appearances during his time in Lancashire.
Irish FA's David Martin issues football for all message after landing Fifa vice-presidency amid European Super League storm
New Fifa vice-president David Martin says he felt 'humbled' to be voted into the prestigious role, declaring that his aim was to emulate the sterling work of fellow Northern Ireland men Harry Cavan and Jim Boyce, who previously held the position.
M artin was elected at Uefa's Congress in Switzerland on what turned out to be a seismic day for football with the European Super League seemingly falling apart with Manchester City out and Chelsea preparing to withdraw from the competition which had initially been supported by them, Arsenal, Liverpool, Manchester United, Tottenham, Real Madrid, AC Milan, Inter Milan, Juventus, Barcelona and Atletico Madrid.
The Irish FA president was pressed several times on the Super League issue in a media briefing but insisted last night was not the time to talk about the proposed breakaway league, which has been widely condemned by organisations and clubs across the globe.
Martin would only go as far as to say that he believed football was for all from amateurs to professionals.
Dromore, Co Down man Martin (67) gained 48 out of 55 votes in the election, comfortably defeating FA of Wales president Kieran O'Connor and Scottish FA vice-president Mike Mulraney for the two-year term and an annual salary of £190,000.
The post became available following the resignation of FA chairman Greg Clarke in November and with it comes a place on the powerful Fifa Council.
"It's exciting for me. There's the personal element because it is a big honour but it is also big for the Irish Football Association and Northern Ireland football."
Martin, who lost a vote to Clarke for the Fifa vice-president post in 2019, added: "I've been elected by my peers. That's magnificent and very humbling.
"This position is a Uefa position as part of a team of nine who attend Fifa Council. I will be working as a team player within that team at Fifa for the good of European football and world football.
"Northern Ireland is a small nation of 1.9m people and considered one of the smaller associations. It's a significant position for any association to hold.
"I'm following two men from Northern Ireland who also held this position, most recently Jim Boyce and the late Harry Cavan. If I can do half the job those guys did, I will have done well."
Quizzed on the European Super League, Martin stated they were 'questions for another day', preferring to talk about a successful period for Northern Ireland football, hailing the 'two super Tuesdays' with his election and the women's team qualifying for Euro 2022 last week, plus a 'super Sunday' when manager Brendan Rodgers and defender Jonny Evans helped Leicester into the FA Cup final.
Martin has had a rollercoaster ride to this point. In 2010 he was removed from his position of IFA treasurer by then Sports Minister Nelson McCausland, who deemed the organisation not fit for purpose.
Martin and Raymond Kennedy, who left his role as IFA president at the time, had been strongly criticised in an independent report into the departure of chief executive Howard Wells, who took an unfair dismissal case that cost the IFA £500,000.
Determined to return to the IFA, Martin failed three competency tests carried out by independent commissions, as requested by government when anyone wished to become an office bearer in the association. That criteria was changed at the 2013 IFA AGM, leading to Martin being elected deputy IFA president before becoming IFA president in 2016. He will leave that role later this year.
Martin has proved to be an able president and under his watch the new-look Windsor Park has opened, the association successfully staged the Women's European Under-17 finals and the Irish FA won the right to stage the Uefa Super Cup at the national stadium in August.
On his extraordinary journey, the Dromore native said: "It has been 50 years, 10 as a player with my hometown club and 40 in administration, whether it be the Northern Amateur Football League, County Antrim FA or Irish Football Association. This is an extension of what I've done in the last 40 years.
"If you take football at world level in any association you will have your top line professional game but you will also have the amateur game. The game is for everyone, and whatever level you obtain or aspire to attain at Fifa it is the pyramid right from the professional game to the amateur game, and that's what I am. I grew up in the amateur game."
Download the Belfast Telegraph App
Get quick and easy access to the latest Northern Ireland news, sport, business and opinion with the Belfast Telegraph App.
David Martin CBS News
David Martin has been CBS News' national security correspondent, covering the Pentagon and the State Department, since 1993. In that capacity, he has reported virtually every major defense, intelligence and international affairs story for the "CBS Evening News," as well as for other broadcasts, including "60 Minutes" and "48 Hours." He also contributed to "60 Minutes Wednesday."
During the invasion of Afghanistan and the war in Iraq, Martin's in-depth knowledge of how the State Department, intelligence community and military operate, both on the battlefield and in Washington positioned him as the "big picture" reporter for CBS News. Utilizing his own sources and reports from CBS News correspondents in the region and around the world, as well as in Washington, he explained and assessed the military's strategies and operations for viewers.
Martin broke several significant stories before and during the Iraq war. He was the first to report on the opening night of the war, that the U.S. was launching a strike on a palace bunker in southern Baghdad in an attempt to take out Saddam Hussein. Martin also broke the story of the military's "shock and awe" strategy for its initial strike on Baghdad. During a trip to Iraq in May 2003, he was the first journalist to visit and report on Dora Farms, where Saddam was said by the CIA to have been hiding on the opening night of the war.
Martin has received several Emmys, most recently in 2012 for his story "Starting Over." He has also received two Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards (2002 and 2004) for his body of work, most of which has appeared on the "CBS Evening News" and "60 Minutes Wednesday."
Regarding the first Alfred I. DuPont-Columbia University Award, the award committee said that his "consistently excellent reporting on the beat of national security hit its peak this year. break[ing] news on a wide range of defense and security stories with details that only experience and doggedness can ferret out. This is exemplary reporting that repeatedly breaks through the barriers of official statements."
In awarding the second DuPont, the committee said, "David Martin's reports on the Pentagon, the military build-up to the Iraq war and on the war itself demonstrate his exceptional grasp of national security issues. Teamed with his long-time producer, Mary Walsh, Martin consistently breaks new information with clear reporting on the Pentagon's goals. He exemplifies the role of a journalist: to measure what we are being told against what we find out."
Martin also received the 2004 Joan S. Barone Award for excellence in Washington-based national affairs and public policy reporting awarded by the Washington Radio & Television Correspondents' Association.
He joined CBS News as its Pentagon correspondent in 1983. Martin's duties later expanded to include the State Department and intelligence beats.
Before that, he covered defense and intelligence matters for Newsweek magazine from its Washington bureau (1977-83). Martin was a reporter with the Associated Press in Washington (1973-77), covering the FBI and CIA. He also was a member of the AP special assignment team (1977).
Martin began his journalism career as a researcher for CBS News in New York in 1969. He then became a news writer with the AP broadcast wire (1971-72) and a fellow at the Washington Journalism Center (1973).
Martin is the author of two books, "Wilderness of Mirrors" (Harper & Row, 1980), an account of the secret wars between the CIA and KGB, and "Best Laid Plans: The Inside Story of America's War Against Terrorism" (Harper & Row, 1988).
He was born July 28, 1943, in Washington, D.C. He graduated from Yale University in 1965 with a bachelor's degree in English. During the Vietnam War, Martin served as an officer aboard a U.S. Navy destroyer.
Martin and his wife, Dr. Elinor Martin, live in Chevy Chase, Md. They have four children.
‘Irresponsible’: Historians attack David Garrow’s MLK allegations
Two years ago, renowned historian David J. Garrow was dismissive of newly released FBI files claiming Martin Luther King Jr. was a “whole-hearted” communist.
“The number one thing I’ve learned in 40 years of doing this,” Garrow said in an interview with The Washington Post, “is just because you see it in a top-secret document, just because someone had said it to the FBI, doesn’t mean it’s all accurate.”
Garrow, 66, who won a Pulitzer Prize for “Bearing the Cross,” his 1986 biography of King, noted that FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover was out to discredit the civil rights leader and said FBI files should be treated with skepticism.
As he faces a wave of criticism from other historians for an essay published Thursday in Standpoint, a conservative British cultural magazine, he now says some FBI files are more reliable than others.
Garrow claims new evidence shows King, whose extramarital affairs have long been known, was a “sexual libertine,” alleging sexual activities with dozens of women and describing them in graphic detail. One of the claims would constitute a crime if true.
His evidence? FBI files purported to be summaries of recordings of King and his colleagues in the 1960s when their rooms were being bugged and phones wiretapped by Hoover. The summaries were apparently inadvertently included in the John F. Kennedy files maintained by the National Archives and released online in 2017 and 2018. Garrow discovered the inadvertent release.
It is not known whether tapes and transcripts that correspond to the summaries exist. All of the King recordings are under court seal at the National Archives until Jan. 31, 2027. Garrow acknowledges that he has not listened to them or viewed transcripts. But he argues the new documents pose “so fundamental a challenge to [King’s] historical stature as to require the most complete and extensive historical review possible.”
Garrow’s willingness to believe that the FBI summaries are accurate is being questioned by other historians. At the time the reports were made, the FBI was engaged in a years-long disinformation campaign to undermine King’s standing and at one point encouraged him to kill himself.
The King Center in Atlanta declined to comment on Garrow’s essay.
In a statement provided to The Post, King’s personal lawyer Clarence B. Jones vociferously denied the claims, adding, “J. Edgar Hoover is laughing in his grave today.”
Donna Murch, a Rutgers University historian who specializes in the civil rights movement, said the story had a “strange trail of evidence … that seems just very, very flimsy to me.”
The most incendiary claim is made in a handwritten notation by an unknown person on one of the typed summaries. If accurate, the notation indicates that King was witness to a sexual assault.
“I would question the veracity of an anonymous, handwritten note on an FBI report,” said Yale historian Glenda Gilmore, who has worked extensively with FBI reports on civil rights activists. Files such as these contain “a great deal of speculation, interpolation from snippets of facts, and outright errors.”
Johns Hopkins University historian Nathan Connolly, who has also examined FBI files, said, “I would be deeply suspicious.”
That the allegations “can just be put out there by a historian as if it happened is obviously the height of being archivally irresponsible,” Connolly said.
In 1981, Garrow published a book about King and the FBI, chronicling many of the tactics the FBI used to surveil and attack King. In the other sections of the Standpoint article, he further details some of those tactics, using documents he discovered in the JFK files.
Despite this, he thinks the summaries made by FBI agents who were spying on King are accurate, he said in an interview with The Post. Different types of records warrant different levels of trust in their accuracy, he said. The files claiming King was communist “are coming literally third- or fourth-hand from a human informant,” he said, so their accuracy is “highly dubious.”
“But with the electronic surveillance records, those are very highly reliable, other than when the FBI can’t understand who’s talking,” Garrow said.
Connolly disagreed, saying the culture of the FBI at the time was that agents were “sent out with marching orders, not simply to recount what is happening on the ground.”
Gilmore said the same: “Often agents and informers were writing toward an overarching narrative that clearly impacted their judgment and activated their impulse to please their superiors in Washington.”
“I have no way of knowing if these reports represent the reality that will be revealed when the tapes of King speaking or the audios on the recorded incidents are opened to researchers,” Gilmore said. “But neither could Garrow.”
Garrow has come under attack from other historians before. In 2017, his biography of former president Barack Obama, “Rising Star,” was also a source of controversy for its harsh tone, and for Garrow’s swipes at other Obama biographers.
Post associate editor David Maraniss, author of “Barack Obama: The Story,” tweeted at the time that Garrow was a “vile, undercutting, ignoble competitor unlike any I’ve encountered.”
But Garrow said “close to three dozen” historians, authors and journalists had read his article before it published “and are 100 percent supportive” and had given him “zero criticism.” He said that “if random people who spend their time on Twitter are unhappy about it,” then “their unhappiness is with the JFK Records Act and the National Archives.”
Garrow listed Yale historian Beverly Gage as one of his supporters. But when she was contacted by The Post, Gage, who is writing a biography of Hoover, cautioned: “This information was initially gathered as part of a deliberate and aggressive FBI campaign to discredit King. That doesn’t necessarily mean that the information is false. But it does mean that we should read the documents in that context, understanding that the FBI was looking for information that it could weaponize and was viewing events through the lens of its own biases and agenda.”
In 1956, Hoover initiated a counterintelligence program, known as Cointelpro, that sought to surveil, infiltrate and discredit suspected communists and, later, civil rights leaders. Starting in 1963, the FBI wiretapped King’s home and office and bugged his hotel rooms.
In November 1964, Hoover publicly called King “the most notorious liar in the country.” A few days later, King’s wife, Coretta Scott King, received an anonymous letter sent to the King home. The author, who claimed to be African American, accused Martin Luther King of being a “a colossal fraud” and “a dissolute, abnormal moral imbecile.” The letter suggested King would be exposed unless he killed himself. The letter came in a package that also allegedly included audio evidence of King’s infidelity.
Brandon Martin’s Career
Brandon Willie Martin was born on August 24, 1993. The California native and his brother, Sean, are the sons of Michael and Melody Martin. Martin is biracial, and allegedly struggled with his identity.
Brandon had been a top baseball prospect since he was a student at Santiago High School. His teammates believed he would be the next Derek Jeter.
Sure enough, the Tampa Bay Rays signed Martin in the 2011 MLB draft. He was the 38th pick overall and had a promising future that started with a $1.0 million signing bonus. His contract also included $144,000 to go towards his college education.
But his playing career, short as it was, was rife with excessive splurging, prosecutors said. The money and fame went to 18-year-old Brandon’s head, per the DA’s trial brief.
He was renting expensive homes and buying cars for himself and his parents. But worst of all, he was getting addicted to drugs and alcohol, the brief said.
After moving from the minor leagues to the majors, Brandon was playing well until 2013, when he suffered a fracture in his thumb. After recovering, he was assigned to the Bowling Green Hot Rods in Kentucky.
On turning 80, David Hockney sought out rustic tranquillity for the first time: a place to watch the sunset and the changing seasons a place to enjoy simple pleasures, undisturbed and undistracted: "We have lost touch with nature rather foolishly as we are a part of it, not outside it". So when Covid-19 and lockdown struck, it made little difference to life at the centuries-old Normandy farmhouse where he had set up a studio the previous year, in time to paint the arrival of spring. In fact, he relished the enforced isolation. His book affirms the capacity of art to divert and inspire, based on a wealth of conversations and correspondence with Martin Gayford, his long-time collaborator. Their exchanges are illustrated by a selection of Hockney’s new Normandy drawings and paintings, many previously unpublished. Martin Gayford is art critic of The Spectator. His books include A History of Pictures (with David Hockney) and Shaping the World: Sculpture from Pre-History to Now (with Antony Gormley).