(SP-1216; l. 60'; b. 12'; dr. 3'6"; s. 22 k.; a. 1 1-pdr.)
Rose Mary was built during 1917 by Great Lakes Boat Building Co., as a private boat and acquired by the Navy 8 September 1917 from Robert E. Hackett of Milwaukee Wis. Rose Mary performed patrol duty on the Great Lakes during 1918 and following the end of World War I was returned to her owner, 15 November 1918.
We are pleased to introduce two glorious new characters to our literary collection of English Roses Eustacia Vye and Gabriel Oak, inspired by the works of English novelist Thomas Hardy.
Advice on how to care for your roses
Glorious Garden Benches
Sit, Admire. Relax and enjoy your outdoor space To really enjoy your garden, surround a modest.
Literary Collection of English Roses
Our english rose varieties inspired by Literary classics Creating a rose is not dissimilar to writing.
New Roses for 2021
Introducing Eustacia Vye & Gabriel Oak We are delighted to be introducing two new roses, each.
Planting a fragrant, colourful rose next to a doorway makes for an enticing entrance.Plant pots either.
Celebrating The Lark Ascending
A performance to celebrate 100 years On December 15th 1920 Ralph Vaughn Williams' classical piece 'The.
Gardener's Gift Guide
Struggling to find the perfect gift? From gift cards and best selling secateurs to books and.
How to Plant a Bare Root Standard Tree Rose
Bare root standard tree roses are best planted between January and May, depending on your zone. . This.
How To Train and Tie-in Climbing and Rambling Roses
Training a climbing or rambling rose allows you to direct the growth of your roses for.
Roses Inspired by Great Women
Every single David Austin English Rose has its own unique character, each one beautiful in its.
A Closer Look at Rosa 'Susan Williams-Ellis'
(Ausquirk) Susan Williams-Ellis English Shrub Rose Bred By David Austin shop now At a glance. Colour.
How to Deadhead a Rose
What is deadheading Deadheading is the removal of finished blooms in order to encourage further blooms.
How to Plant a 2-Quart Potted Rose
By following these simple steps, you will ensure your 2-Quart potted shrub rose gets off to.
England's Royal History
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The Kings and Queens of England
Books by Popular Historians
The Lives of the Kings and Queens of England by Antonia Fraser. Biographical sketches about British monarchs, from the early Norman kings through Elizabeth II. Includes family trees and drawings of the royal coats of arms.
The Kings & Queens of England by David Loades. Illustrated with over 150 images and genealogical tables, many in full color.
Crown & Country - The Kings & Queens of England: A History by David Starkey. Starts with the warring tribal kings under the Romans, and continues through the Middle Ages and the Wars of the Roses, the Tudor era, the chaos of the Civil War, and the modern era.
Other Royal Histories
Royal Panoply by Carrolly Erickson. Brief lives of the English monarchs.
The Kings and Queens of England by W. M. Ormrod. Historians present the lives of the country's monarchs from the warrior kings of the Dark Ages to Elizabeth II. Illustrated.
The Kings & Queens of England by Robert Parker. A concise look at the lives and personalities of the monarchs and also the impact of their reigns.
A History of the English Monarchy: From Boadicea to Elizabeth I by Gareth Russell. The monarchy and the interactions between popular belief, religious faith and brutal political reality.
Royals of England by Kathleen Spaltro and Noeline Bridge. Chronological biographies. Includes 50 family trees.
England's Queens by Elizabeth North. English queenship from the fierce Boudica, through the Anglo-Saxons, Normans, Plantagenets, the Wars of the Roses and the woman whose marriage brought peace, Elizabeth of York.
England's Queens: From Catherine of Aragon to Elizabeth II by Elizabeth Norton. English queenship from Henry' VIII's wives through the Tudors, Stuarts, Hanoverians, and the House of Windsor.
The Lioness Roared: The Problems of Female Rule in English History by Charles Beem. Examines problems facing female rulers, from the 12th century empress Matilda's efforts to become England's first regnant queen to Queen Victoria's exercise of power during the Bedchamber Crisis of 1839.
Sovereign Ladies: Sex, Sacrifice and Power - The Six Reigning Queens of England by Maureen Waller. About Queen Elizabeth I, Queen Mary I, Queen Mary II, Queen Anne, Queen Victoria, and Queen Elizabeth II.
Intimate Letters of England's Queens by Margaret Sanders. Includes letters written by Anne Boleyn and Queen Victoria.
Medieval & Tudor Queens
Queens Consort: England's Medieval Queens by Lisa Hilton. The lives of the 20 women who were crowned queen between 1066 and 1503, including well-known figures like Eleanor of Aquitaine and forgotten figures such as Adeliza of Louvain.
She-Wolves: The Notorious Queens of Medieval England by Elizabeth Norton. Eleanor of Aquitaine, Anne Boleyn, and other royal "bad girls."
The Last Medieval Queens: English Queenship 1445-1503 by J. L. Laynesmith. The last medieval queens of England were Margaret of Anjou, Elizabeth Woodville, Anne Neville, and Elizabeth of York. This book considers what it meant to be a queen during those turbulent times, and the ways in which these women interpreted their roles.
Letters of the Queens of England edited by Anne Crawford. Includes letters from virtually every medieval and Tudor queen, from Matilda of Scotland to Katherine Parr.
Early Modern Queens
Queens & Power in Medieval and Early Modern England edited by Carole Levin and Robert Bucholz. How historical, fictional, and Biblical queens were represented in medieval and early modern England.
'High and Mighty Queens' of Early Modern England edited by Carole Levin, Debra Barrett-Graves, and Jo Eldridge Carney. Scholarly essays on Catherine of Aragon, Mary I, Elizabeth I, Anna of Denmark, Henrietta Maria, and more.
Lives of the Queens of England by Agnes Strickland. Nonfiction by a popular and respected 19th century historical writer.
Crown & Country by David Starkey. A history of England through the monarchy.
English Royal Lives
The Royal Minorities of Medieval and Early Modern England edited by Charles Beem. The history of child kings of England.
Monarchs, Murders and Mistresses: A Calendar of Royal Days by David Hilliam and Christopher Hibbert. What happened on each day of the year in English royal history. Includes family trees.
Royal Exiles: From Richard the Lionheart to Charles II by Iain Soden. Covers English kings and princes forced to flee into exile or endure captivity at home or abroad, and foreign royalty held in England.
Intimate Letters of England's Kings by Margaret Sanders. Includes letters written by Henry VII, Charles II, and William IV.
English Royal Courts
Music & Monarchy by David Starkey and Katie Greening. Showcasing a monarch's power and taste, music has been the lifeblood of many a royal dynasty.
Royal Poxes & Potions by Raymond Lamont-Brown about the history of English royal physicians, surgeons and apothecaries.
Fools and Jesters at the English Court by John Southworth. A reign-by reign account of court fools from their origins in Carolingian Europe and Celtic Ireland to the time of James I.
English Coronations & Ceremonies
The Drama of Coronation: Medieval Ceremony in Early Modern England by Alice Hunt. Examines the five coronations that took place in England between 1509 and 1559: those of Henry VIII, Anne Bolyen, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.
Royal Death and Wills
The Death of Kings: Royal Deaths in Medieval England by Michael Evans. An account of what is known about the deaths of medieval English kings, whether natural, violent, or accidental.
Royal Wills by J. Nichols. The full title of this book is "A Collection of All the Wills, Now Known to Be Extant, of the Kings and Queens of England, Princes and Princesses of Wales, and Every Branch of the Blood Royal, From the Reign of William the Conqueror to That of Henry the Seventh." Published in 1999.
Royal Wills in Britain From 1509 to 2008 by Michael L. Nash. This period covers the wills of Henry VIII, Edward VI and George I, which all sought to divert the rules of succession other wills which brought into focus the differences between state and personal property and recent wills which were sealed from public view.
The Middle Ages
The Kings and Their Hawks: Falconry in Medieval England by Robin S. Oggins. This book, the first broad history of English royal falconry during the period, describes the practice and conditions of the sport and the role of falconers in the English royal household.
Gothic Kings of Britain by Philip J. Potter. The lives of 31 medieval rulers, 1016-1399.
Ruling England 1042-1217 by Richard Huscroft. Beginning just before the Norman Conquest and ending with the ratification of Magna Carta, this book considers the reign of each king, their relationships with the nobility, local government, the courts, and the Church.
The English Aristocracy 1070-1272: A Social Transformation by David Crouch. Examines the English aristocracy between the reigns of William the Conqueror and Edward I, including its relationship with the monarchy.
Medieval Intrigue: Decoding Royal Conspiracies by Ian Mortimer. Examines controversial questions in medieval history, including whether Edward II was murdered, his possible later life in Italy, the Lancastrian claim to the throne, and the origins of the idea of the royal pretender.
Kings in the North by Alexander Rose. In the Middle Ages, the earls of Northumberland were famed, or notorious, as the Kings in the North. This book traces the history of the Percy dynasty from the days of William the Conqueror to the Battle of Bosworth in 1485.
The Lost Kings: Lancaster, York & Tudor by Amy License. Examines the lives of ten kings and potential kings who died young, changing the course of history.
The Legitimacy of Bastards: The Place of Illegitimate Children in Later Medieval England by Helen Matthews. For the nobility and gentry, illegitimacy could be less of a stigma in late medieval England than it became later. This book examines bastards' social status, career opportunities, inheritance, and more.
Power and Politics
The Royal Pardon: Access to Mercy in Fourteenth-Century England by Helen Lacey. Analyzes the procedures of pardoning and the role of royal mercy at moments of political upheaval. Appendices provide full lists of over 1,000 people who acted as intercessors for mercy, from personal servants of the crown to great nobles of the realm.
Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England From the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century by Pauline Stafford. Essays on Anglo-Saxon and early Norman England focusing on political issues of family, succession, inheritance, and land holding among royalty and the elite.
Writing to the King: Nation, Kingship, and Literature in England, 1250-1350 by David Matthews. In the century before Chaucer, poets frequently addressed political verse to the king as a device to make their comments more effective.
The King's Bishops: The Politics of Patronage in England and Normandy, 1066-1216 by Everett U. Crosby. The first detailed comparative study of patronage as an instrument of power in the relations between kings and bishops after the Conquest.
Wars of the Roses
The Wars of the Roses by Alison Weir. The war between the royal houses of Lancaster and York, the most complex in English history, profoundly altered the course of the monarchy.
Battle Royal: The Wars of the Roses, 1440-1462 by Hugh Bicheno. The first volume of a two-part history of the dynastic wars fought between the houses of Lancaster and York. Includes 16 pages of illustrations and maps.
The Red Rose and the White: The Wars of the Roses, 1453-1487 by John Sadler. The Wars of the Roses were a series of mini-wars fought between two branches of the Plantagenet royal family, and won by the Tudors. This is a history of the entire dynastic struggle, including the social, economic, religious, political and military aspects.
The Wars of the Roses by Michael Hicks. Examines the real reasons behind the Wars of the Roses (1455-85) and the involvement of politics, foreign powers, and a 15th-century credit crunch.
The Wars of the Roses: The Fall of the Plantagenets and the Rise of the Tudors by Dan Jones. How the longest-reigning British royal family tore itself apart until it was finally replaced by the Tudors.
My Kingdom for a Horse: The War of the Roses by Ed West. "Written in the spirit of a black comedy," this is an introduction to "one of history's most insane wars."
Women in the Wars of the Roses
Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses by Sarah Gristwood. Traces the rise and rule of seven women, including Marguerite of Anjou, Cecily Neville, and Margaret Beaufort.
The Women of the Cousins' War: The Duchess, the Queen, and the King's Mother by Philippa Gregory, David Baldwin, and Michael Jones. An illustrated look at the lives of three women during the Wars of the Roses: Jacquetta, Duchess of Bedford Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV and Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII.
Red Roses: Blanche of Gaunt to Margaret Beaufort by Amy License. Traces the stories of women on the Lancastrian side of the Wars of the Roses, including Katherine Swynford, Jacquetta of Luxembourg, and Margaret of Anjou.
The Kingmaker's Sisters: Six Powerful Women in the Wars of the Roses by David Baldwin. The six sisters of Warwick the Kingmaker all married powerful noblemen fighting on opposite sides in the Wars of the Roses.
Stormbird by Conn Iggulden. Fiction. In 1437, the Lancaster king Henry VI ascends the throne of England. A rival royal line, the House of York, sees Henry's weakness an opportunity to seize the throne. This is the first novel in the author's "Wars of the Roses" series. The second book is Margaret of Anjou.
Tudors & Stuarts
Quarrel With the King: The Story of an English Family on the High Road to Civil War by Adam Nicolson. Follows the first four earls of Pembroke from the 1520s through 1650. The richest family in England, the Pembrokes both threatened the Crown and acted as its violent agents before ultimately rebelling against the monarchy.
Early Modern England
Monarchy, Print Culture, and Reverence in Early Modern England: Picturing Royal Subjects by Stephanie E. Koscak. Images of the royal family, including portrait engravings, satires, urban signs, and playing cards, were part of daily life in later Stuart and early Hanoverian England. (Illustrated.)
Foundation: The History of England From Its Earliest Beginnings to the Tudors by Peter Ackroyd. Recounts the story of warring kings and foreign wars, and also how England's early people lived: their homes, clothes, food, and jokes.
English History Made Brief, Irreverent, and Pleasurable by Lacey Baldwin Smith. An amusing tour through England's history.
The History of England by Thomas Babington Macaulay. Classic account by a bestselling Victorian author.
Royal Books & Manuscripts
Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination by Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kathleen Doyle. This catalog for a British Library exhibition of illuminated manuscripts collected by the kings and queens of England. Includes full-page illustrations and three essays.
Royal River: Power, Pageantry & the Thames by David Starkey and others, edited by Susan Doran. This illustrated catalogue, published to accompany an exhibition, explores the history of the Thames as a stage for royal celebration. It includes colourful stories of coronations and marriages frost fairs and boat races and more.
Royal Bargemasters: 800 Years at the Prow of Royal History by Robert Crouch and Beryl Pendley. Offers insight into the part bargemasters played in monarchs' lives.
Treachery and Retribution: England's Dukes, Marquesses and Earls, 1066-1707 by Andrew Rawson. The history of England's turbulent times told through the stories of the country's nobility.
Great Tales From English History by Robert Lacey. The truth about King Arthur, Lady Godiva, Richard the Lionheart, and more.
Kings and Queens of England by John Green. More than 1,200 years of ruling British monarchs fill the pages of this coloring book, from Alfred the Great to Elizabeth II. For children ages 4 to 8.
The Hutchinson Book of Kings & Queens by Tony Robinson. A look at the monarchs of England. Who became king when he was only nine months old? Which king invented the handkerchief? Which king died on the toilet? And who is England's longest reigning monarch?
A Coloring Book of Kings & Queens of England edited by David Brownell illustrated by Harry Knill and Donna Neary.
Rose Mary SP-1216 - History
"Say the Rosary every day.
Pray, pray a lot and offer sacrifices for sinners.
I'm Our Lady of the Rosary.
Only I will be able to help you.
. In the end My Immaculate Heart will triumph."
T he Rosary means "Crown of Roses". Our Lady has revealed to several people that each time they say a Hail Mary they are giving her a beautiful rose and that each complete Rosary makes her a crown of roses. The rose is the queen of flowers, and so the Rosary is the rose of all devotions and it is therefore the most important one. The Holy Rosary is considered a perfect prayer because within it lies the awesome story of our salvation. With the Rosary in fact we meditate the mysteries of joy, of sorrow, of glory and of light Jesus and Mary. It's a simple prayer, humble so much like Mary. It's a prayer we can all say together with Her, the Mother of God. With the Hail Mary we invite Her to pray for us. Our Lady always grants our request. She joins Her prayer to ours. Therefore it becomes ever more useful, because what Mary asks She always receives, Jesus can never say no to whatever His Mother asks for. In every apparition, the heavenly Mother has invited us to say the Rosary as a powerful weapon against evil, to bring us to true peace. With your prayer made together with Your heavenly Mother, you can obtain the great gift of bringing about a change of hearts and conversion. Each day, through prayer you can drive away from yourselves and from your homeland many dangers and many evils.
It can seem a repetitive prayer but instead it is like two sweethearts who many times say one another the words: "I love you".
The Blessed Holy Father John Paul II on October 16th, 2002 with the Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae on the Most Holy Rosary has added 5 new mysteries of the Rosary: The Mysteries of the Light.
Death and Legacy
Weakened by a stroke in 1984, Kennedy spent the last decade of her life at the family home in Hyannis Port. She died of complications of pneumonia, at the age of 104, on January 22, 1995, in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. Five of her children, 28 grandchildren, and 41 great-grandchildren survived her. As her last living son, Ted, stated at her eulogy: "She sustained us in the saddest times — by her faith in God, which was the greatest gift she gave us𠅊nd by the strength of her character, which was a combination of the sweetest gentleness and the most tempered steel."
Arming the Mary Rose
Then, along with many other big ships, the Mary Rose was rebuilt in the 1530s. Her 1536 rebuild transformed her into a 700-ton prototype galleon, with a powerful battery of heavy cannon, capable of inflicting serious damage on other ships at a distance. The high castles were cut down, decks strengthened, and she was armed with heavy guns, with 15 large bronze guns, 24 wrought-iron carriage guns and 52 smaller anti-personnel guns. The Mary Rose now had the firepower to engage the enemy on any bearing, and conduct a stand-off artillery battle. Some of the guns were mounted on advanced naval gun carriages, which made them far easier to handle and move on a crowded gun deck.
The resources for the new cannon, ships and coastal forts came from the seizure and sale of monastic estates.
The new emphasis on artillery reflected the mastery of gun founding in England, another development pushed by Henry VIII. It also reflected the need for a naval force to defend the kingdom against European rivals, as Henry adopted his radical new foreign policy, based on religious grounds. The resources for the new cannon, ships and coastal forts came from the seizure and sale of monastic estates. The main impetus behind the rebuild was the fear of French galleys that had defeated the English fleet, led by the Mary Rose, in Brest Roads in 1513. The mobility, heavy bow guns and small target area of the French galleys made them very dangerous opponents.
As rebuilt, the Mary Rose was expected to fight using all her guns, sailing down towards the enemy, firing the ahead weapons, before turning to present one broadside, the stern, the other broadside and then making off to reload, while other ships took her place. This was a lengthy process. The Mary Rose emphasised ahead and stern fire, with close-range stone-shot-firing weapons on the broadside. Two of her best bronze guns were mounted in the stern castle but bore almost directly ahead, just clearing the bow structure. As rebuilt the Mary Rose had a crew of 185 soldiers, 200 seamen and 30 gunners. In addition to cannon they were equipped with 50 handguns, 250 longbows, 300 pole arms, 480 darts to throw from the fighting tops and a wealth of arrows. While the cannon were the main weapons, close-quarters fighting was also expected.
The Closing Prayer
We’ve covered all the prayers of the rosary except the very last one, which is usually the Hail Queen (Salve Regina), sometimes called the Hail Holy Queen. It’s the most commonly recited prayer in praise of Mary after the Hail Mary itself, and was composed at the end of the eleventh century. It generally reads like this (there are several variants):
“Hail holy Queen, Mother of mercy, our life, our sweetness, and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve. To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this vale of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.”
So those are the prayers of the rosary. Between the introductory prayers and the concluding prayer is the meat of the rosary: the decades. Each decade—there are fifteen in a full rosary (which takes about forty-five minutes to say)—is composed of ten Hail Marys. Each decade is bracketed between an Our Father and a Glory Be, so each decade actually has twelve prayers.
Each decade is devoted to a mystery regarding the life of Jesus or his mother. Here the word mystery refers to a truth of the faith, not to something incomprehensible. The fifteen mysteries are divided into three groups of five: the Joyful, the Sorrowful, the Glorious. When people speak of “saying the rosary” they usually mean saying any set of five (which takes about fifteen minutes) rather than the recitation of all fifteen mysteries. Let’s look at the mysteries.
Rose Mary SP-1216 - History
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Unsolved Mysteries is a 1988-2005 TV series that asked the public for help in unsolved crimes, catching lost fugitives, and finding lost people. Originating on NBC as a series of seven specials, it became an instant hit. It was first hosted by Perry Mason star Raymond Burr, then two more by Streets of San Francisco star Karl Malden, and the final four by The Untouchables star Robert Stack. Stack's voice narration, combined with the scary music, formulated it to a great success when it aired as a regular series on NBC in 1988. During its 15-year run, the cases consisted ghost stories, mysterious legends, and lost treasures. It possibly paved the way for other crime reality shows as America's Most Wanted and Forensic Files, even sharing a few cases in common with those shows.
After its cancellation on NBC in 1997, Unsolved Mysteries ran for one season on CBS. It then ran on Lifetime from 2000-2002. In 2008, a new version hosted by Dennis Farina had a limited run on Spike TV before moving back to Lifetime in 2010. The series was then revived on Netflix in 2020 with a new format, but continuing to focus on mysterious world phenomena.
Unsolved Mysteries is back for Volume 2 of its Netflix run.
The series has been immensely popular on Netflix, and has seen huge numbers of viewers speculating about unsolved mysteries from the past and present. Volume 1 asked us: Did Rey Rivera commit suicide? Is the Berkshire UFO real? Did Xavier Dupont de Ligonnès murder his family? Those mysteries still remain.
Volume 2 uncovers more mysteries. How did Jack Wheeler die? Where is Lester Eubanks? What happened to JoAnn Romain? Lots of questions, will we ever find answers?
Volume 2 premiered on October 19, 2020. Are you ready? Read more.
Royal Coats of Arms
Royal Coats of Arms were first linked to Richard I (1189 to 1199). Richard’s coat of arms consisted of three gold lions (guardant) on a red shield. This coat of arms was simply known as ‘England’. This format has been on all royal coats of arms since his reign and was used unchanged by John (1199 to 1216), Henry III (1216 to 1272), Edward I (1272 to 1307) and Edward II (1307 to 1327).
However, a change to the royal coat of arms occurred in the reign of Edward III (1327 to 1377). Whereas Edward inherited the traditional ‘England’ coat of arms in 1327, during the course of his reign he claimed the throne of France. As a result of this, Edward quartered the traditional royal coat of arms placing the ‘England’ device in the top right and bottom left quarters. In the top left and bottom right quarters he placed scattered French ‘fleurs-de-lis’ coloured in gold on a blue background. This was referred to as ‘France Ancient’.
Richard II (1377 to 1399) added the arms of Edward the Confessor whereas Henry IV (1399 to 1405) went back to Edward III’s original design when he inherited the throne but towards the end of his reign he changed the French quarters by stipulating that there should be three fleurs-de-lis only in each quarter – in the previous design, there had been two full fleurs-de-lis in the bottom right quarter with seven partial images while in the top left quarter there had been four complete fleurs-de-lis and six partial images. The reduction to three complete fleurs-de-lis in each quarter produced a less cluttered royal coat of arms. It also brought it into line with the French king who had changed his coat of arms to ‘France Modern’.
This royal coat of arms as set out by Henry IV remained the same to the end of the Tudor era in 1603.
While the basic coat of arms may have stayed the same for many years, each king, and in Tudor England, Mary I and Elizabeth I, had different supporters either side of the royal shield. Lions were not only found on the royal arms but also to the side as supporters. Bulls, boars and stags were also used. The Tudor monarchs used a dragon and occasionally a greyhound. Richard II had a white hart supporting on his coat of arms Henry V had a black bull while Richard III had a white boar to support his coat of arms. The Tudors used the Tudor rose and white greyhound. Mary I used a pomegranate, which she used as a tribute to her mother Catherine of Aragon.
However, a major change came with the end of Tudor England in 1603 and the accession of the Scottish James I (James VI of Scotland and James I of England). James introduced the Scottish lion (rampant) that was framed by a double tressure to the top right quarter. Each corner of the double tressure was decorated with a fleurs-de-lis. The other major change was the incorporation of the Irish harp (in gold with silver strings) to the bottom left quarter to represent that James was also King of Ireland. The gold harp was on a field of blue. This became the basis for all Stuart monarchs. The only real change came in the reign of Anne (1702 to 1714) when England and Scotland were united in 1707 as one country. Anne’s coat of arms after this union represented this as what had been the individual English and Scottish quarters were changed so that the two quarters represented both England and Scotland – each quarter combined the three English lions guardant with the individual Scottish lion rampant. The remaining quarters were the Irish harp (bottom left) with three fleurs-de-lis in the top right – an historical throwback to when the English monarch was king of much of France.
The only major change during the years 1603 to 1714 came during the Interregnum (1649 to 1660) when the royal coat of arms, along with monarchy, was removed. The coat of arms adopted by Parliament during these years continued with the four quarters. Two quarters were silver with a red cross to represent England and Wales (though Wales was not seen as a separate entitiy), one quarter was blue with a silver saltire to represent Scotland while the final quarter was blue with a gold harp with silver strings to represent Ireland. A small shield in the middle of these quarters was black with a silver lion on it – the arms of Oliver Cromwell.
It is never explained at the end if Albert died of his terminal illness or survived by a miracle because, at the end of "Home Again," Laura's voiceover reveals Albert returned to Walnut Grove 20 years later as the town's doctor. It is also clear that Albert lives through the final scene of “Look Back To Yesterday”, which may very well support Laura’s closing statement in “Home Again”.
In "Dearest Albert, I'll Miss You," Albert becomes pen pals with a young lady named Lesly. They both lie about their physical appearances without the other one knowing. When Albert goes to visit her at her home to tell her the truth, he sees that she has been lying and is in a wheelchair, but they reconcile and remain friends.
In "Sylvia" (Parts One and Two), Albert becomes fond of a young girl named Sylvia who lives with her abusive father. They begin a relationship, but unfortunately she is kidnapped and raped by a man with a mask. Doc Baker tells Albert of Sylvia's pregnancy and asks if the baby is his. He is very upset by this finding, because he knows the baby is not his, and he believes that Sylvia has been cheating on him. He sees her secretly despite her father's threatening to kill Albert if they are seen together, believing also that Albert is the father of his grandchild. Albert and Sylvia secretly see each other and plan to run away. Albert lets people think that the baby is his. While they are planning to run away, Sylvia hides out in an old barn. The masked man comes to find her again, and this time she climbs up a ladder and falls. Her father, Charles, and Albert take her home, where, after being tended to by Doctor Baker, she dies in her bed, with Albert at her side.