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The Srivijaya Empire was based on a monarchical government system that was located in the geographic area that today comprises Indonesia, having a strong influence on the Southeast Asian.
The founding of the Empire Srivijaya
The founder of the empire was Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa, which began with the journey undertaken by the hand of 20,000 soldiers and 312 people in boats from Palembang, Jambi and Minanga Tamwan.
In this way, the journey of building one of the most secretive and expansive empires that has existed within the Asian continent.
The origins of the empire Srivijaya
The representations that make the origins of this empire clear are based on the inscriptions discovered on the shores of the tatang river.
It is believed that Dapunta's original intention, was to get mystical powers, wealth and earthly power.
His reign was so powerful that managed to become the first monarchy in integrating with neighboring regions.
Characteristics of the Srivijaya empire
The political-administrative distribution consisted of 3 main zones.
The king was the administrator of the capital, while the interior was made up of a tribe arranged by their tribal chiefs, who were established through a set of alliances.
The expansion of the Srivijaya empire
The Srivijayna empire established a series of conquests throughout Sumatra and Lampug. The empire grew to control the Java Sea, the South China Sea, the Strait of Malacca, and the Strait of Sunda.
In turn, the ruling lineage of Srivijaya closed a union with the rulers of strategic regions of Central Java. This allowed to develop the ‘golden age’ of the empire Srivijaya framed by its territorial and military expansionism.
In that period, the Malay Peninsula became part of Sriivijaya, while Tambralinga and Panpan, who were in Langkasuka, came under the influence of the regime.
With the conquest, they proceeded to build buildings oriented to the predominant religious system at the time, buddhism, in order to further establish the empire in all the areas it reached.
Between the 9th and 12th centuries, the Empire Srivijaya he was incessantly interested in the discovery of regions distant from the central axis.
Sailors, merchants, and navigators engaged in exploration of areas distant from the Philippines, the Bay of Bengal, Madagascar, Indochina, and Boreo.
Thus, in Madagascar, there was a massive immigration due to maritime trade from the Indian Ocean.
considering the Mitochondrial DNA, the native Malagasy have inheritance from the founding mothers that left Indonesia more than 1,200 years ago.
The fall of the empire
As has happened with all empires and their own dynamics, various factors influenced the decline and fall of the Srivijaya empireOne of the main ones being foreign piracy, which destabilized security and commerce.
Javanese they dominated the territorial extension belonging to the empire. The ancient rulers inspired their descendants with the desire to regain the former glory of the empire, so they decided to campaign to regain control.
However, the incompetence demonstrated in certain military processes, in addition to irrelevant attempts to maintain dominance within a small portion of the imperial zone, they determined that all his wishes failed, thus burying, in the thirteenth century, the greatness of what was once the most powerful kingdom in Asia.
Map image: Rowanwindwhistler at Wikimedia.
Temple image: Stock Photo - kaopanom on Shutterstock.
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